When it comes to the world of confectionery, there is a secret ingredient that plays a magical role in creating some of our favorite sweet treats. This ingredient is none other than invertase enzyme. While most people may not be familiar with this enzyme, its presence can be found in various candies and desserts, adding a unique touch to their taste and texture.
Invertase is an enzyme that breaks down sucrose into its two component sugars – glucose and fructose. It is naturally present in honey and certain fruits like figs and dates. However, for confectioners, invertase extracted from yeast or bacteria serves as an essential tool for creating delectable sweets.
One of the most famous applications of invertase can be seen in cream-filled chocolates such as truffles or fondant centers. These chocolates have a soft, gooey center that oozes out when bitten into. The magic lies within the action of invertase on sucrose molecules present in the filling.
During the production process, confectioners mix invertase with sugar syrup to create a creamy filling mixture. As time passes by, the enzyme starts breaking down sucrose into glucose and fructose through hydrolysis. This enzymatic reaction leads to a reduction in viscosity and creates a liquid-like consistency inside the chocolate shell.
The beauty of using invertase lies not only in its ability to transform solid fillings into flowing ones but also in enhancing flavor profiles over time. When stored at room temperature for several days or weeks after production, these cream-filled chocolates undergo further changes due to continued enzymatic activity.
As more sucrose gets converted into simpler sugars by invertase enzymes during storage periods known as ripening, flavors become richer while textures become smoother. This ripening process allows complex chemical reactions invertase enzyme between different ingredients within the filling mixture resulting in improved taste and mouthfeel.
Apart from cream-filled chocolates, invertase also finds its way into other confectionery delights. Marzipan, a sweet almond paste used in cakes and pastries, often contains this enzyme to enhance its texture and extend shelf life. Invertase helps prevent the hardening of marzipan by breaking down sucrose molecules into smaller sugars that keep it soft and pliable for longer periods.